When shopping for foods containing grains like bread, pasta, bakeries, and cereals, you will come across various ingredients listed on the labels. Listed below are explanations of what the ingredients really mean:
- 100% Whole Grain: Products are made with 100% whole grain flour.
- Whole grain whole wheat flour: This flour is 100% whole grain, containing the bran, germ, and endosperm. Most whole grain whole wheat breads are made with this flour.
- Made with Whole Grain: This term means the product contains whole grains, but may also be mixed with other refined flour(s).
- Multi-Grain: A product labelled Multi-Grain simply means that it contains multiple grains; however, it may or may not contain whole grains.
- Whole Wheat: Under federal regulation, up to 5% of the wheat kernel (approximately 70% of the germ) can be removed during processing and can still be labelled “whole wheat”. Therefore, it does not mean that the product is 100% whole grain.
- Wheat Flour: Also known as refined or enriched white flour, this ingredient is often found in white bread. Enriched white flour has both the bran and the germ removed and by law, all white flour in Canada is enriched with folic acid, iron and three B vitamins.
- Gluten-Free: A product with a gluten-free claim is made with non-gluten containing flour. It does not mean that it is 100% whole grain.
- Sprouted Grain: The sprouted grain process involves soaking grains in water until they begin to grow a sprout. This process helps make sprouted grain food low glycemic and easier to digest, enhancing the nutrient profile and final product texture. Most sprouted grain breads are 100% whole grain, but be sure to double check the ingredient list.